Programming the superbrain: from atoms to non-Von Neumann architecture
The increasing understanding of the molecular processes in neurons, the unprecedented imaging capabilities to identify neural circuits, and the novel fabrication of synaptic devices, are enabling the creation of a new generation of non-Von Neumann processors based on neuromorphic architectures. IBM announced the creation of TrueNorth chip based on 256 spiking neurons and 64000 synapses, and its revolutionary Lego-like programming language Corelet. I review the opportunities offered by the new neuromorphic paradigm from the molecular level to the novel concept of non sequential programming.
Enrico Prati (1974) is permanent research scientist of CNR and Scholar Fellow of Waseda University Tokyo. He received the Laurea Degree in Theoretical Physics in 1998 and the PhD in Physics on semiconductors in 2002 at the University of Pisa. He collaborated with Italian Internet Registration Authority. He developed single atom transistors (Nature Nanotechnoloy 2012) and he is working on quantum devices for biologically inspired artificial neurons and intelligence. He has been panelist of ITRS in 2013 and Keynote Speaker at IEDM in 2014. He organizes the DICE conference on quantum mechanics.